You are here
Home > Author: Karl

Commercial Real Estate Valuation: Cap Rate Approach

Fundamental valuation of commercial real estate is similar to fundamental valuation of a stock, the intrinsic value of the property depends on the cash flows that it generates. This is known broadly as the income approach to valuation, which can be further broken down into 3 variations: Cap rate approach

Luxury Goods Industry Primer

The luxury goods industry is a core industry within Consumer & Retail. Depending on its definition, specifically whether or not it includes luxury cars and hospitality, the market size of the luxury goods industry ranges from $200 billion to $1.2 trillion. We will focus on the core luxury goods industry

APV Method: Adjusted Present Value Analysis

The standard Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) method is the typical tool used to value firms, but one drawback its inability to handle changing debt to equity levels. As we know, higher debt offers a higher tax shield, which in turn increases both firm value and equity value. To explicitly account

Introduction to Capital Structure

Firms can choose to finance themselves with a number of securities: shares, bonds, preferred shares, convertible bonds, etc. These securities can be classified into two broad categories, debt and equity, and each comes with its own cost. Capital structure describes the way a firm finances itself. Data from Statistics Canada, 2009 Capital

Stock Pitch: Long Canada Goose (TSE:GOOS)

This stock pitch is intended to be a resource for interview preparation, it should not be interpreted as investment advice. I recommend a long position on Canada Goose. Currently trading at $74.56, I believe it is undervalued as investors overreacted on Huawei news and the subsequent breakdown of Canada China relations.

Value Capture Model

Porter's five forces, founded in the 1980's, is the classical framework used to understand and analyze competitive forces in an industry. In the 1990's, a new framework was formed, the Value Capture Model. The Value Capture Model extends on previous frameworks in two ways. One, it formally describes competition as a

Statistical Inference and Hypothesis Testing

Whenever we observe data, we are usually observing one or a few samples from a much larger population. For example, if we are looking at daily stock market returns for AAPL for last year, we are looking at only a small portion of the overall daily returns. More often than

Multivariate Regression and Interpreting Regression Results

Simple linear regression (univariate regression) is an important tool for understanding relationships between quantitative data, but it has its limitations. One obvious deficiency is the constraint of one independent variable, limiting models to one factor, such as the effect of the systematic risk of a stock on its expected returns.