You are here
Home > Career > Investment Banking

Accessing Leveraged Capital Markets – Part I

Issuing High Yield Bonds For levered companies that do not fit the investment grade bucket, there are still robust capital markets options available for debt issuance through the leveraged finance divisions of global investment banks. As discussed in other leveraged finance posts, a large suite of buyers invest in high yield bonds

Preferred Shares Primer

When investment bankers look at quick and dirty enterprise value calculations, they generally think: EV = Net Debt (Debt - Cash) + Equity In corporate finance theory, enterprise value includes all levels of the capital stack including preferred shares ('prefs"). Preferred shares are securities that are senior to common equity and generally pay

Introduction to Green Bonds

Debt Capital Markets - What is a Green Bond? Green bonds are debt securities that use the proceeds to fund sustainable and environmental-friendly projects. Given today's investor focus on environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors - whether for political reasons or other ethical considerations, green bonds can be very attractive bond issuances

Introduction to High Yield Bonds

What Are High Yield Bonds? What separates investment grade and sub-investment grade? The answer is a designated credit rating by the mainstream credit rating agencies - Moody's, S&P and Fitch. Moody's is widely accepted to be the gold standard for rating agencies. The rating agencies will assign scores for corporates based on

Canadian M&A Roundup Q3 2018

Canadian M&A has seen a sharp increase in activity in the third quarter of 2018 with $152.4B in announced deals, an increase of 63.6% from Q3 2017 and 21.8% from Q2 2018. M&A Drivers Hostile bids Consolidation in mining Beverage companies entering the cannabis space Hostile Bids According to Reuters and data from

Bid Pricing Strategy: Part II

Certain bid pricing considerations were discussed in a previous post, illustrating what a financial advisor or investment banker would look at for a bid for a private company. Here, we look at other considerations. The bid price is just one of several things that the seller and their financial advisor will consider

Bid Pricing Strategy: Part I

Bid Considerations in a Sell-Side Process When an investment bank represents a potential buyer in a sale process, both parties are very motivated to be the winning bidder. However, the investment bank is more incentivised to bid to win as they are paid on a success fee whereas the potential buyer

A Comparison Of Spin-Outs Versus Carve-Out IPOs: Part II

Comparison Between Spin-Off and IPO There are reasons why a company may choose a spin-off versus an IPO. Depending on what shareholders prefer, this can either can be a good or bad option. An IPO results in cash proceeds for the parent. So if Alibaba carves out and IPOs Ant Financial, the